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Evaluation of the Femoral Artery IMT as a Risk Factor of Cardiovascular Disease
J Surg Ultrasound 2019;6:53-57
Published online November 30, 2019
© 2019 The Korean Surgical Ultrasound Society

KyoungJea Lee, Teahyeon Kong, Keun-Myoung Park, Yong Sun Jeon1, Soon Gu Cho1, Kee Chun Hong

Departments of Surgery and 1Radiology, Inha University Hospital, Incehon, Korea
Correspondence to: Keun-Myoung Park
Department of Surgery, Inha university Hospital, 27 Inhang-ro, Jung-gu, Incheon 22332, Korea
Tel: +82-32-890-2738
Fax: +82-32-890-3549
E-mail: redfrag@naver.com
Received September 15, 2019; Revised October 9, 2019; Accepted October 14, 2019.
Journal of Surgical Ultrasound is an Open Access Journal. All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: The carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) is a risk factor for atherosclerosis that can predict the association of cardiovascular disease. Despite this, there have been few studies on the femoral artery IMT. This study examined the correlation between the carotid and femoral IMT. The findings suggest that both the carotid and femoral IMT need to be measured for a proper evaluation of early arterial disease.
Methods: This retrospective study included 39 patients who underwent carotid artery duplex, lower extremity duplex, and coronary artery angiography or CT for a health checkup in the authors’ health promotion center from January 2015 to December 2017. The carotid and femoral IMT were measured at three places from bifurcation using B-mode. The coronary artery disease (CAD), carotid artery stenosis (CAS), and peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAD) were defined by stenosis over 50% in duplex and CT angiogram. The maximum and sum of the IMT in both the arterial disease group and no arterial disease group were compared.
Results: This study included 25 patients with arterial diseases from 39 enrolled patients 22 patients with CAD (51.2%), eight patients with CAS (20.5%), and seven patients with PAOD (17.9%). The total arterial disease including any one of the above three arterial diseases correlated with the maximum values of the femoral IMT (R = 0.322, P = 0.023) and the sum of the femoral IMT (R = 0.346, P = 0.015).
Conclusion: The femoral artery IMT correlated with the carotid artery IMT. In addition, the femoral artery IMT correlated with the occurrence of total arterial disease, including coronary, carotid, and peripheral artery occlusive disease, but the correlation was lower than that of the carotid IMT.
Keywords : Femoral artery, Intima media thickness (IMT), Cardiovascular disease


November 2019, 6 (2)